Measuring Internet Fragmentation

Internet Fragmentation Index

 

Governments, firms, and citizens frequently debate to what extent the internet is, or should be, a global infrastructure for communication and commerce. In these debates, the internet is supposedly becoming increasingly fragmented, subject to “splintering” across national borders.

This debate’s extremes — a global internet on one hand, and a nationalized “splinternet” on the other — are cartoons of what has always been a mixed reality. The digital world never has floated freely, untethered from political and geographical boundaries, nor has it ever been fully under the political control of particular countries.

Measuring Internet Fragmentation, a project of CLTC’s Daylight Security Research Lab, uses a set of proxy metrics to measure whether and to what extent the Internet is becoming more global and uniformly accessible, or more nationalized and siloed. 

Understanding the internet’s character in different countries is key to policymakers and advocacy groups looking to understand the effects of laws and norms, and to decision-makers in industry looking to build and deploy products on a global scale. We aim to bring reproducible measurement to the debate about internet fragmentation. Rather than building normative judgments into our metrics, we measure the web’s underlying architecture. Through these measurements, we seek to enable normative discussions about what values to maximize, and descriptive discussions about how best to navigate a (potentially) fragmented world.

Additional Information

Learn more on the CLTC Bulletin: Beyond “free” and “closed”

Read an academic paper about this project, published by First Monday

Read our Blog in Tech Dirt: Understanding the Splinternet

Read Nick Merrill’s Op-Ed in “The Hill”: Show me who bans TikTok and I’ll show you your (future) allies

Read Nick Merrill’s blog on Substack

See how different countries’ internets are similar: map or nodes

Access this project’s code, data, and analysis on Github

 

Thanks to the following for their support of this project:

internet society logo

Current Project Team

Akhilesh Pandita

Akhilesh Pandita

Graduate Student Researcher

Lily Bhattacharjee

Lily Bhattacharjee

Research Assistant

Past Team Members

Renata Berrato

Renata Berrato

Graduate Researcher

Neha Mittal

Neha Mittal

Graduate Researcher

Mahmoud Hamsho

Mahmoud Hamsho

Graduate Researcher